The purpose of this project is to establish a link between soil health and biological (respiration, nitrogen, and functional groups [genomic and PCR]), physical (aggregation and compaction), and chemical criteria used in the Cornell soil health assessment. The objective is to develop a prediction model for soil nitrogen supplies based on biological soil health indicators.
An accurate estimate of soil nitrogen would enable growers to reduce mineral fertilizer applications for the same crop yields, which would have a direct impact on input costs and reduce nitrogen leaching into the environment. The tests are being conducted on grain corn because it is a nitrogen-hungry crop and has a strong impact on soil quality.
From 2017 to 2020
Accurate estimates of soil nitrogen supply can be used to reduce mineral fertilizer applications.
Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation du Québec | EnvironeX Group
Canola and wheat (wheat-corn-canola rotation) were planted in 2016 and 2017, respectively, on 12 experimental plots with tillage practices on the main plots (minimum tillage and chisel plow) and fertilization methods (mineral fertilizers, 25 m3/ha of pig manure and 50 m3/ha of pig manure) in the subplots.
Demonstration project to showcase the ability of undersown clover cover crops to reduce nitrogen fertilizer requirements in crops.
Researcher: Marc-Olivier Gasser
This project was aimed at evaluating the impact of integrated pest management on the profitability of field crop farms.
Researcher: Luc Belzile