Selection and management of legume intercrops in organic vegetable production

Annabelle Firlej, researcher

Annabelle Firlej

Researcher

450 653-7368
ext 363

Contact Annabelle Firlej

Description

The objective of the first phase of the project was to select a legume species for intercropping with broccoli at the Organic Agriculture Innovation Platform. The legume was chosen based on its ability to suppress crop pests, mainly insects and weeds, and encourage natural enemies, especially carabid beetles and parasitoids that attack caterpillar pests of crops in the cabbage family. For the second phase, plots with broccoli alone or planted with the selected intercrop have been set up. The cropping systems used are designed to minimize competition with the main crop. Soil tests are being conducted on certain aspects of soil quality in connection with the use of a legume intercrop. A technical and economic analysis will look at profitability thresholds calculated in terms of additional yields required to recover the cost of inputs and cultural operations associated with using legume intercrops.

Objective(s)

  • Propose ways of using legume intercrops to control vegetable pests (insects, diseases, and weeds) while increasing soil productivity and quality and economic yields
  • Examine legume management strategies to maximize benefits while minimizing competition with the main crop

From 2015 to 2019

Project duration

Market gardening

Activity areas

Pest, weed, and disease control, Organic farming

Services

The results of this project will help in the fight to control organic crop pests.

Partners

Growing Forward 2 | Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation du Québec - Innov'Action Programme | Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada | Club Bio-Action | Pleine-Terre | Coopérative des agriculteurs de proximité écologique

This may interest you

Potato field
2016-2018 • Market gardening

Impact of irrigation system management and cultivar on nitrogen use by potatoes under commercial production conditions

The goal of this project was to measure the impact of irrigation management on nitrogen uptake and available soil nitrogen on several cultivars under commercial production conditions.

Researcher: Christine Landry

Read more about the project

Christine Landry
Potato field
2017-2019 • Market gardening

Combining slow release and conventional nitrogen fertilizer to reduce leaching and stabilize annual potato yields

Meeting nitrogen requirements mainly through the use of a highly stable form of fertilizer can minimize nitrogen losses, provide nitrogen amounts closer to the plant’s actual needs.

Researcher: Christine Landry

Read more about the project

Christine Landry
Cucumbers
2017-2018 • Market gardening

Qu├ębec-wide potassium fertilization trial on fresh cucumber under fertigation

This project was aimed at determining potassium doses (5 doses) to apply before planting on nitrogen-fertigated cucumber crops grown on plastic mulch.

Researcher: Christine Landry

Read more about the project

Christine Landry