A number of studies, as well as comments from regional extension agents and producers, indicate that the soil on Québec farms has deteriorated. Since the inventory on soil degradation was released in 1990, no studies have been done that can give us an idea of the current state of Québec’s agricultural soils.
MAPAQ therefore wishes to examine and document current soil conditions to guide its actions and help it set priorities.
The project consists of evaluating soil degradation based on representative samples taken in Québec’s main soil regions and parent materials. Seventy-one series, including the most commonly cultivated soils, are being replicated six times, for a total of 426 plots. Pedological, biological, physical, and chemical properties of the soils are being examined and compared to those of soils that have not been disturbed or degraded. As far as possible, the same sites as in the 1990 inventory are being used in order to evaluate changes in soil health since that time.
From 2017 to 2022
Field crops, Fruit production, Market gardening
Soil health, Laboratory analyzes, Ecosystem protection
This major project will help ensure soil productivity, while maintaining the many functions of soil required for a healthy ecosystem.
Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation du Québec
Research report • Claude BernardBernard, C.. 2019. Mesure des mouvements de sol à l'aide du Césium-137 (137CS) - Utilisation dans le cadre de l'étude sur l'état de santé des sols agricoles du Québec. IRDA. 22 p. Bernard, C.. 2019. Mesure des mouvements de sol à l'aide du Césium-137 (137CS) - Utilisation dans le cadre de l'étude sur l'état de santé des sols agricoles du Québec. IRDA. 22 p. Using isotopic techniques to investigate soil erosion processes Download Download
The project compared the nitrogen uptake effects of green manure crops grown for a full season, in association with a main crop, or after it is harvested.
A literature review, a survey of organic grain producers, and an analysis of historical yield and climate data in order to document the effects of climate extremes on yields and soil nutrient availability.
Researcher: Marc-Olivier Gasser
The goal of the project is to improve biological methods for controlling the cabbage seedpod weevil in canola crops. In this project, initiated by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and conducted in Québec by UQAM, IRDA is performing an economic analysis of the practices under study.
Researcher: Luc Belzile