This project seeks to improve crop water supply and even limit topsoil nutrient runoff into waterways through the improved management of subsurface drainage systems. This will involve the installation of control units at the drain collector outlets. Our approach relies on the continuous measurement of field water table heights; water exports; as well as sediment, nitrogen, and phosphorus runoff into drains at four field-crop production sites in Montérégie. We will supplement our assessment of the controlled drainage trial results from these four sites with crop yield data. This will allow us to fine tune the system to yield optimal agronomic, economic, and environmental benefits.
From 2019 to 2022
Controlled drainage can reduce nutrient runoff into waterways.
Ferme Astral | Groupe Pro-Conseil | Les Semis 2000 Plus | Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation
Scientific article • Aubert MichaudMichaud, A., S.-C. Poirier., J. Whalen. 2019. Tile Drainage as a Hydrologic Pathway for Phosphorus Export from an Agricultural Subwatershed. Journal of Environmental Quality. 48(1) p. 64-72 Michaud, A., S.-C. Poirier., J. Whalen. 2019. Tile Drainage as a Hydrologic Pathway for Phosphorus Export from an Agricultural Subwatershed. Journal of Environmental Quality. 48(1) p. 64-72 Download Download
The Rivière de la Roche sub-watershed has one of the highest phosphorus and sediment export rates of the entire Missisquoi Bay watershed—a particularly challenging situation for the local agricultural sector.
This project will develop a versatile tool that will allow to simulate the impacts of agricultural practices on soil organic matter.
To provide information on the fertilizing value and environmental impact of spreading pig manure at different times, the project compared the effect of mineral fertilizer in early fall, late fall, and in the spring.