Weed control methods to reduce the number of viable seeds in the soil are limited in organic production. Biofumigation could be an attractive option for increasing the mortality of dormant seeds. Biofumigation uses plants naturally rich in glucosinolates (especially the cabbage family), which release toxic volatile compounds (thiocyanates and isothiocyanates) as they decompose. The aim of this project was to explore the potential of biofumigation for reducing weed seed banks and its long-term impact on weed communities. Two experiments were set up at the Organic Agriculture Innovation Platform in Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, Québec. The first was a greenhouse study on four generations of weeds and the second was a three-year field trial.
From 2014 to 2018
Pest, weed, and disease control, Organic farming
This technique being tested at IRDA could compensate for the lack of weed control options available to organic growers.
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada | Organic Science Cluster II
Evaluation of the potential of drones to optimize trichogramma releases against the European corn borer on processing sweet corn in Québec.
This project aims to explore and experiment new approaches and ways to preserve, develop, and enhance the MRC’s bio-food sector, and reduce or eliminate the water deficit on the island.
By enhancing our understanding: 1) of the nitrogen supply dynamics associated with the use of mixed green and farmyard manure applications, and 2) of the timeline of nitrogen uptake by garlic; we hope to fine-tune fertilization strategies so they meet the needs of garlic crops, while minimizing phosphorus accumulation and nitrogen leaching.
Researcher: Christine Landry